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Phonics is the main way we teach children to read, in our school we use Letters and Sounds supported by jolly phonic actions.

So what is phonics? Words are made up from small units of sound called phonemes. Phonics teaches children to be able to listen carefully and identify the phonemes that make up each word. This helps children to learn to read words and to spell words such as s-a-t , this leads onto blending when they run the phonemes (sounds) togther to make a word, s-a-t sat.

The children will need to learn some 'Tricky Words..' These are words which you can not blend like: the, I, to, was.

Children need lots of practice at using their phoincs. you can help your child at home by: playing eye spy, writing shopping lists, finding sounds in a book, writing a menu for tea, or sharing a book with your child. 

Phase 2 and Phase 3 

Phase 2: Introducing simple graphemes for phonemes


Sets 1, 2: s, a, t, p, i, n, m, d

letters 's' 'a' 't' 'p'
sat pat at as
sit pip is it tip
nip pin in nap pan an tin
mat man am map
dim din dip did dad sad

Set 3: g,o,c,k

pig dig gap gas
got dog pop pot not on top
cot cat can cap cod
kid kit

Set 4: ck,e,u,r

'ck' ending
back pack pick sack sick kick tick
ten pet peg pen den get neck
'u' (South England)
mug cut cup duck nut mud mum sun up
run rip red rat ram ran rug

Set 5: h, b, f, ff, l, ll, ss

hit hug him his hot hen hid has hat had
back bad bag bed bin big bit bud but bus bun
fun fog fan if of fed fat
digraph 'ff' at end of word
huff puff cuff off
lot luck log lock lip leg lid lap let
'll' at end of word
ill well hill fell fill doll bell tell
'ss' at end of word
boss fuss hiss kiss less loss mess miss
compound words
sunset padlock catnap fusspot backpack cannot
2 syllables
pocket carrot thunder sunset begun rabbit

Phase 3: The remaining phonemes, with graphemes

Set 6: j, v, w, x

jam job jet jug jog
van vet vivid visit
wag win will web cobweb
wax mix fix exit six fox box

Set 7: y, z, zz, qu

yes yell yet yap
'z' & 'zz'
zip buzz zigzag fizz
liquid quit quiz quick quack

Consonant digraphs ch, sh ,th , ng

rich much chat check chin such chip chop
shock wish shall cash fish ship shop shell
'th' as in then
with this then that them
song wing sing ring rang long king bang along
'th' as in thin
thick thin thud moth

Vowel digraphs ai, ee etc.

paid tail sail main wait aim nail rain
need been feet feel meet week see seen teeth
coach load soap foam boat coat loaf road
'oo' as in boot
pool moon cool boot food soon too rooftop zoo
'oo' as in book
wood took foot good book cook look hook hood
hard park farm dark car jar bar bark farmyard
born torn worn sort for fork corn short
hurt church burn turn turnip fur curl
owl bow cow town down how now
boil soil join oil foil coil
summer mixer bigger hammer never hotter better

Vowel trigraphs igh, ear, air, ure


night sigh right high might light tight thigh
'ear' as in ear
near hear rear beard ear dear fear gear
fair chair pair hair unfair airless air
pure cure secure mature

Combining phase 3 graphemes

including 'ch'
torch chain porch coach march chair church
including 'sh'
short shoot shook harsh shoal sheet shark
including 'ai' 'ar'
shark sharp raincoat chain raining march
including 'ee' 'er'
thicker singer sharper queen sheet teeth sheep
including 'oa' 'or'
coach thorn shoal short north
including 'oo' 'ow'
foolish tooth smooth powder shook shoot flower
including 'igh' 'ng'
lightning charming chopping thing singing higher



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